Invariant natural killer T cells reconstitution and the control of leukemia relapse in pediatric haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Oncoimmunology. 2012 May 1;1(3):355-357. doi: 10.4161/onci.18399.


CD1d-restricted invariant (i)NKT cells are innate-like, lipid-reactive T lymphocytes implicated in the control of infections, cancer and autoimmunity. Our study suggests that the reconstitution of the peripheral iNKT cell compartment, following HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, associates with leukemia control in children affected by different hematological malignancies.