Dietary intakes, obesity and health behaviors in Native Hawaiians residing in Southern California

Hawaii J Med Public Health. 2012 May;71(5):124-8.

Abstract

Objectives: Accessing dietary intakes, body mass index (BMI) and health behaviors in Native Hawaiians residing in Southern California.

Design: Cross-sectional, community based participatory research.

Participants: Native Hawaiian (N = 55); Mean age 59 (± 15).

Main outcome measures: Diet, body mass index (BMI), and diet/exercise health behaviors. Collected diet via 24-hr dietary recalls, health behaviors through questionnaires and BMI via measurement/self-report.

Analysis: Frequencies/means and multiple linear regression were used to assess diet, BMI, and health behaviors.

Results: Nearly 90% of the participants were either overweight or obese. Less than 20% met the vegetable, fruit, fiber, and whole grain recommendations. Most were a little or somewhat sure (relative to almost always sure) about their ability "to stick with an exercise program when attending a cultural gathering", and "when visiting Hawai'i".

Conclusions and implications: These results suggest that developing a culturally-based education program to reduce obesity and improve diet is critical for Native Hawaiians residing in Southern California.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Body Mass Index
  • California / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet / ethnology*
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Hawaii / ethnology
  • Health Behavior* / ethnology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Obesity / ethnology