AT1a receptor signaling is required for basal and water deprivation-induced urine concentration in AT1a receptor-deficient mice

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2012 Sep;303(5):F746-56. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00644.2011. Epub 2012 Jun 27.

Abstract

It is well recognized that ANG II interacts with arginine vasopressin (AVP) to regulate water reabsorption and urine concentration in the kidney. The present study used ANG II type 1a (AT(1a)) receptor-deficient (Agtr1a(-/-)) mice to test the hypothesis that AT(1a) receptor signaling is required for basal and water deprivation-induced urine concentration in the renal medulla. Eight groups of wild-type (WT) and Agtr1a(-/-) mice were treated with or without 24-h water deprivation and 1-desamino-8-d-AVP (DDAVP; 100 ng/h ip) for 2 wk or with losartan (10 mg/kg ip) during water deprivation. Under basal conditions, Agtr1a(-/-) mice had lower systolic blood pressure (P < 0.01), greater than threefold higher 24-h urine excretion (WT mice: 1.3 ± 0.1 ml vs. Agtr1a(-/-) mice: 5.9 ± 0.7 ml, P < 0.01), and markedly decreased urine osmolality (WT mice: 1,834 ± 86 mosM/kg vs. Agtr1a(-/-) mice: 843 ± 170 mosM/kg, P < 0.01), without significant changes in 24-h urinary Na(+) excretion. These responses in Agtr1a(-/-) mice were associated with lower basal plasma AVP (WT mice: 105 ± 8 pg/ml vs. Agtr1a(-/-) mice: 67 ± 6 pg/ml, P < 0.01) and decreases in total lysate and membrane aquaporin-2 (AQP2; 48.6 ± 7% of WT mice, P < 0.001) and adenylyl cyclase isoform III (55.6 ± 8% of WT mice, P < 0.01) proteins. Although 24-h water deprivation increased plasma AVP to the same levels in both strains, 24-h urine excretion was still higher, whereas urine osmolality remained lower, in Agtr1a(-/-) mice (P < 0.01). Water deprivation increased total lysate AQP2 proteins in the inner medulla but had no effect on adenylyl cyclase III, phosphorylated MAPK ERK1/2, and membrane AQP2 proteins in Agtr1a(-/-) mice. Furthermore, infusion of DDAVP for 2 wk was unable to correct the urine-concentrating defects in Agtr1a(-/-) mice. These results demonstrate that AT(1a) receptor-mediated ANG II signaling is required to maintain tonic AVP release and regulate V(2) receptor-mediated responses to water deprivation in the inner medulla.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Aquaporin 2 / metabolism
  • Arginine Vasopressin / blood
  • Blood Pressure
  • Deamino Arginine Vasopressin / pharmacology
  • Losartan / pharmacology
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System / physiology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 / deficiency*
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 / physiology*
  • Water Deprivation

Substances

  • Agtr1a protein, mouse
  • Aqp2 protein, mouse
  • Aquaporin 2
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Adenylyl Cyclases
  • adenylate cyclase 3
  • Deamino Arginine Vasopressin
  • Losartan