Prevention of ACL injury, part II: effects of ACL injury prevention programs on neuromuscular risk factors and injury rate

Res Sports Med. 2012 Jul;20(3-4):198-222. doi: 10.1080/15438627.2012.680987.


Prevention strategies have been developed based on existing knowledge in an attempt to alter neuromuscular control and lower extremity biomechanics in order to reduce anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates. These strategies have included different training programs ranging from injury education to multicomponent training. Many training programs have been demonstrated as resulting in altered lower extremity movement patterns. The effects of current training programs on ACL injury rate, however, are inconsistent. This review was focused on the effects of current ACL injury training programs on neuromuscular risk factors and ACL injury rate. Recommendations were made based on the available evidence for clinicians and coaches to implement ACL injury prevention programs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiology*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physical Education and Training / methods
  • Physical Education and Training / standards*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Young Adult