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Randomized Controlled Trial
, 10 (3), 217-29

Adherence to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI) Among Women Following Primary Breast Cancer Treatment: A Pilot Study

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Randomized Controlled Trial

Adherence to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI) Among Women Following Primary Breast Cancer Treatment: A Pilot Study

Ellyn E Matthews et al. Behav Sleep Med.

Abstract

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) has proven efficacy, yet 32%-89% of patients fail to consistently follow recommendations. This pilot study examines adherence to CBTI in breast cancer survivors with insomnia. There was a significant decline in adherence to prescribed rise time, and total time in bed, but no change in adherence to prescribed bedtime during six weekly sessions. Factors associated with higher adherence included lower fatigue and higher baseline motivation. Higher adherence was associated with worse subjective sleep quality at the beginning of CBTI and fewer nocturnal awakenings at the end of treatment. Results provide preliminary evidence supporting the impact of adherence on sleep outcomes such as fewer nocturnal awakenings. Attention to adherence as part of CBTI may yield greater sleep improvements.

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