Chondroblastoma-like chondroma of soft tissue: report of the first case in the base of skull

Ann Diagn Pathol. 2013 Jun;17(3):298-301. doi: 10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2012.05.005. Epub 2012 Jun 27.

Abstract

Chondroblastoma-like chondroma (CLC) of soft tissue is a rare benign neoplasm that usually involves the soft tissues of the hand. This report describes the first case of CLC of soft tissue arising in the base of the skull. A 33-year-old man was seen with a slow growing mass in the right parotid region of his face. The noncontrast computed tomographic scans showed an 8.5-cm mass with calcifications involving the right masticator space and extending through the bone into the middle cranial fossa. The radiologic differential diagnosis included osteosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and giant cell tumor. During surgery, the large lateral skull base tumor appeared to involve the middle and infratemporal fossae and eroded the surrounding bone. Although the tumor was removed piecemeal, total excision was performed. On microscopic examination, the tumor displayed lobules of mature hyaline cartilage with numerous chondroblasts, coarse calcifications including chicken wire calcifications, and scattered osteoclasts. No atypia, mitoses, necrosis, or osteoid formation was seen. The tumor was diagnosed as chondroma with chondroblastoma features of the soft tissue. His postoperative clinical course was uneventful; however, after 7 months, he had a local recurrence identified on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. He underwent repeat surgical excision of the tumor, which showed similar histology as the previous excision. This large skull based tumor eroding the bone, which clinically and radiologically mimicked a malignant process, was an unusual presentation of a benign cartilaginous neoplasm. Pathologists should be aware that CLC may occur in the base of the skull and this lesion should be differentiated from the other benign or malignant tumors arising in this area. These lesions have a potential for local recurrence; hence, a close follow-up is recommended.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chondroblastoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Chondroblastoma / pathology*
  • Chondroblastoma / surgery
  • Chondroma / diagnostic imaging
  • Chondroma / pathology*
  • Chondroma / surgery
  • Chondrosarcoma / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Hyaline Cartilage / pathology
  • Leiomyosarcoma / diagnosis
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery
  • Osteosarcoma / diagnosis
  • Radiography
  • Skull Base
  • Skull Base Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Skull Base Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome