Whole-genome regression and prediction methods applied to plant and animal breeding

Genetics. 2013 Feb;193(2):327-45. doi: 10.1534/genetics.112.143313. Epub 2012 Jun 28.


Genomic-enabled prediction is becoming increasingly important in animal and plant breeding and is also receiving attention in human genetics. Deriving accurate predictions of complex traits requires implementing whole-genome regression (WGR) models where phenotypes are regressed on thousands of markers concurrently. Methods exist that allow implementing these large-p with small-n regressions, and genome-enabled selection (GS) is being implemented in several plant and animal breeding programs. The list of available methods is long, and the relationships between them have not been fully addressed. In this article we provide an overview of available methods for implementing parametric WGR models, discuss selected topics that emerge in applications, and present a general discussion of lessons learned from simulation and empirical data analysis in the last decade.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bayes Theorem
  • Breeding / methods*
  • Genome*
  • Models, Genetic
  • Phenotype
  • Plants
  • Regression Analysis
  • Selection, Genetic