Replication of genetic susceptibility loci for testicular germ cell cancer in the Croatian population

Carcinogenesis. 2012 Aug;33(8):1548-52. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgs218. Epub 2012 Jun 27.


Genome-wide association studies in patients with testicular germ-cell tumors (TGCT) from Great Britain and the United States have identified six susceptibility loci in or near biologically plausible candidate genes. However, these loci have not been replicated in an independent European sample. We performed a genetic replication study of previously identified TGCT susceptibility loci in a Croatian case-control sample and performed additional analyses as concerning histological subtypes or tumor staging. We analyzed six single-nucleotide polymorphisms [rs2900333 (ATF7IP), rs210138 (BAK1), rs755383 (DMRT1), rs995030 (KITLG), rs4624820 (SPRY4), and rs4635969 (TERT/CLPTM1L)], each representing one of the published susceptibility loci/genes. Five susceptibility loci were found to be also associated in the Croatian population with P-values between 2.1e-10 (rs995030; odds ratio [OR] 3.08) and 0.01739 (rs4635969; OR 1.37), which remained statistically significant after correction for multiple testing. Although rs2900333 near ATF7IP just showed borderline association with all-TGCT (OR 1.24, P = 0.062), it showed significant association with the more aggressive forms of the tumor (OR 1.51, P = 0.0067)-a clinically interesting finding, which however has to be replicated in an independent sample. Assessment of cumulative risks revealed that men with at least seven risk alleles have a more than 2.5-fold increased disease risk (OR = 2.73, 95% confidence interval = 1.98-3.79). In summary, we independently replicated the majority of TGCT susceptibility loci identified previously in a Croatian sample and suggested a possible role of genetic variation near ATF7IP in regulating disease progression.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Croatia
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / genetics*
  • Testicular Neoplasms / genetics*