[Aging affects word-stem completion and recognition but not category generation]

Psicothema. 2012;24(3):345-51.
[Article in Spanish]


In this study, we investigated the effect of aging on two implicit memory tasks, word-stem completion and category generation, and on explicit recognition. We compared the performance of young and older adults on these implicit memory tasks with those of explicit recognition. We expected better performance of young than older adults in the explicit memory task and similar priming in both implicit memory tasks. The results showed that young adults performed better than older adults in the recognition task. Moreover, both age groups showed priming in the implicit memory tasks, although priming was greater in young adults compared to older adults in the word-stem completion memory task, whereas both age groups showed similar levels of priming in the category generation task. The present results showed dissociations as a function of age not only between the explicit and the implicit tasks but also between the implicit tasks.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders / physiopathology
  • Memory Disorders / psychology*
  • Mental Recall / physiology*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Recognition, Psychology / physiology*
  • Repetition Priming / physiology*
  • Verbal Learning / physiology*