Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can develop in association with many different diseases and risk factors, and its presence is nearly always associated with reduced survival. The prognosis and management of PH is largely dependent upon its underlying etiology and severity of disease. The combination of clinical and hemodynamic classifications of PH provides a framework for the diagnostic evaluation of PH to establish a final clinical diagnosis that guides therapy. As our understanding of the different pathologic mechanisms that underlie the syndrome of PH evolves, so too will the classification and treatment of PH.
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