Background: While several type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) susceptibility loci identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been replicated in many populations, their association in Arabs has not been reported. For this reason, the present study looked at the contribution of ENNP1 (rs1044498), IGF2BP2 (rs1470579), KCNJ11 (rs5219), MLXIPL (rs7800944), PPARγ (rs1801282), SLC30A8 (rs13266634) and TCF7L2 (rs7903146) SNPs to the risk of T2DM in Lebanese and Tunisian Arabs.
Methods: Study subjects (case/controls) were Lebanese (751/918) and Tunisians (1470/838). Genotyping was carried out by the allelic discrimination method.
Results: In Lebanese and Tunisians, neither ENNP1 nor MLXIPL was associated with T2DM, whereas TCF7L2 was significantly associated with an increased risk of T2DM in both the Lebanese [P < 0.001; OR (95% CI): 1.38 (1.20-1.59)] and Tunisians [P < 0.001; OR (95% CI): 1.36 (1.18-1.56)]. Differential associations of IGF2BP2, KCNJ11, PPARγ and SLC30A8 with T2DM were noted in the two populations. IGF2BP2 [P = 1.3 × 10(-5); OR (95% CI): 1.66 (1.42-1.94)] and PPARγ [P = 0.005; OR (95% CI): 1.41 (1.10-1.80)] were associated with T2DM in the Lebanese, but not Tunisians, while KCNJ11 [P = 8.0 × 10(-4); OR (95% CI): 1.27 (1.09-1.47)] and SLC30A8 [P = 1.6 × 10(-5); OR (95% CI): 1.37 (1.15-1.62)] were associated with T2DM in the Tunisians, but not Lebanese, after adjusting for gender and body mass index.
Conclusion: T2DM susceptibility loci SNPs identified through GWAS showed differential associations with T2DM in two Arab populations, thus further confirming the ethnic contributions of these variants to T2DM susceptibility.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.