Do cardiac risk factors affect the homocysteine and asymmetric dimethylarginine relationship in patients with coronary artery diseases?

Clin Biochem. 2012 Nov;45(16-17):1325-30. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2012.06.024. Epub 2012 Jun 27.


Objectives: Elevated homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations have been shown to be a risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease and thrombosis. Increased asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels have been implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous conditions affecting the cardiovascular system. In this study, the influence of cardiovascular risk factors and other variables on Hcy and ADMA relationship in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) was investigated.

Design and methods: Seventy-five patients with CAD were divided into three tertiles according to their Hcy levels. The effect of age, gender, blood pressure, lipid profile, renal function, and the presence of diabetes, insulin resistance, heart failure, inflammation, overweight, smoking and severity of coronary atherosclerosis on Hcy and ADMA relationship was evaluated.

Results: ADMA concentrations of patients in the middle and highest Hcy tertiles were significantly higher than the patients in the lowest tertile. When ADMA concentrations were adjusted for demographic, clinical and laboratory variables, the significant differences in ADMA concentrations between the tertiles were preserved. ADMA levels positively correlated with Hcy. Homocysteine levels positively correlated with serum creatinine and NT-proBNP concentrations and negatively correlated with glomerular filtration rates. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed Hcy as the unique predictor of ADMA levels.

Conclusion: Homocysteine concentration has an effect on ADMA levels. There is a strong correlation between Hcy and ADMA. Cardiovascular risk factors do not have an influence on this relationship.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arginine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Arginine / blood
  • Atherosclerosis / blood*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / blood*
  • Female
  • Homocysteine / blood*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors


  • Homocysteine
  • N,N-dimethylarginine
  • Arginine