Use of multimodal imagery with precompetitive anxiety and stress of elite tennis players

Percept Mot Skills. 2012 Apr;114(2):419-28. doi: 10.2466/02.05.15.PMS.114.2.419-428.


The effect of multimodal imagery on anxiety and perceived stress was investigated in 46 male tennis players (16 to 18 yr.; M = 17.0, SD = 0.8). There were two groups, a multimodal imagery group and a control imagery group. The quasi-experimental design included pre- and post-treatment administrations of the 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory to assess anxiety and the Perceived Stress Scale to assess stress. Analysis showed a statistically significant multivariate difference between the multimodal imagery and control groups on measures of cognitive anxiety, self-confidence, and perceived stress. Imagery plays a role in handling some specific types of anxiety and stress.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Athletes / psychology*
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Imagination / physiology
  • Male
  • Self Concept*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tennis / psychology*