The mediator complex subunit PFT1 interferes with COP1 and HY5 in the regulation of Arabidopsis light signaling

Plant Physiol. 2012 Sep;160(1):289-307. doi: 10.1104/pp.112.197319. Epub 2012 Jul 3.


Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutants hypersensitive to far-red light were isolated under a light program of alternating red and far-red light pulses and were named eid (for empfindlicher im dunkelroten Licht). The dominant eid3 mutant carries a missense mutation in a conserved domain of PHYTOCHROME AND FLOWERING TIME1 (PFT1), an important component of the plant mediator coactivator complex, which links promoter-bound transcriptional regulators to RNA polymerase II complexes. Epistatic analyses were performed to obtain information about the coaction between the mutated PFT1(eid3) and positively and negatively acting components of light signaling cascades. The data presented here provide clear evidence that the mutation mainly enhances light sensitivity downstream of phytochrome A (phyA) and modulates phyB function. Our results demonstrate that the Mediator component cooperates with CONSTITUTIVE PHOTORMORPHOGENIC1 in the regulation of light responses and that the hypersensitive phenotype strictly depends on the presence of the ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 transcription factor, an important positive regulator of light-dependent gene expression. Expression profile analyses revealed that PFT1(eid3) alters the transcript accumulation of light-regulated genes even in darkness. Our data further indicate that PFT1 regulates the floral transition downstream of phyA. The PFT1 missense mutation seems to create a constitutively active transcription factor by mimicking an early step in light signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / radiation effects*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Conserved Sequence
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Epistasis, Genetic
  • Flowers / growth & development
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Plant
  • Light*
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phenotype
  • Photoperiod
  • Phytochrome A / genetics
  • Phytochrome A / metabolism
  • Phytochrome B / genetics
  • Phytochrome B / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteolysis
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism*


  • Anthocyanins
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HY5 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • PFT1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • PHYA protein, Arabidopsis
  • PHYB protein, Arabidopsis
  • Phytochrome A
  • Phytochrome B
  • AT2G32950 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases