[Fibromyalgia syndrome. Definition, classification, clinical diagnosis and prognosis]

Schmerz. 2012 Jun;26(3):247-58. doi: 10.1007/s00482-012-1169-x.
[Article in German]


Background: The scheduled update to the German S3 guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies ("Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften", AWMF; registration number 041/004) was planned starting in March 2011.

Materials and methods: The development of the guidelines was coordinated by the German Interdisciplinary Association for Pain Therapy ("Deutsche Interdisziplinären Vereinigung für Schmerztherapie", DIVS), 9 scientific medical societies and 2 patient self-help organizations. Eight working groups with a total of 50 members were evenly balanced in terms of gender, medical field, potential conflicts of interest and hierarchical position in the medical and scientific fields. Literature searches were performed using the Medline, PsycInfo, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases (until December 2010). The grading of the strength of the evidence followed the scheme of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. The formulation and grading of recommendations was accomplished using a multi-step, formal consensus process. The guidelines were reviewed by the boards of the participating scientific medical societies.

Results and conclusion: The clinical diagnosis of FMS can be established by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 classification criteria (with tender point examination), by the modified preliminary diagnostic ACR 2010 criteria or by the diagnostic criteria of the German interdisciplinary guideline (AWMF) on FMS. The English full-text version of this article is available at SpringerLink (under "Supplemental").

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Consensus Development Conference
  • English Abstract
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / classification
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / rehabilitation
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Female
  • Fibromyalgia / classification
  • Fibromyalgia / diagnosis*
  • Fibromyalgia / psychology
  • Fibromyalgia / rehabilitation
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication
  • Male
  • Pain Measurement / psychology
  • Prognosis
  • Psychotherapy
  • Somatoform Disorders / classification
  • Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis
  • Somatoform Disorders / psychology
  • Somatoform Disorders / rehabilitation