The insulin receptor substrate protein of 53 kDa (IRSp53) is crucially involved in the formation of filopodia and neurites through mechanisms that have only partially been clarified. We have investigated the role of the small scaffold protein LIN7, which interacts with IRSp53. We found that formation of actin-filled protrusions in neuronal NSC34 cells and neurites in neuroblastoma N2A cells depends on motifs mediating the LIN7:IRSp53 association, as both the coexpression of LIN7 with IRSp53 or the expression of the L27-IRSp53 chimera (a fusion protein between IRSp53 and the LIN7L27 domain for plasma membrane protein complexes association) prevented actin-deficient protrusions induced by overexpressed IRSp53, and enhanced the formation of actin-filled protrusions. The regulatory role of LIN7 in IRSp53-mediated extension of filopodia in neuronal N2A cells was demonstrated by live-cell imaging experiments. Moreover, LIN7 silencing prevented the extension of filopodia and neurites, induced by ectopic expression of IRSp53 or serum starvation, respectively, in undifferentiated and differentiated N2A cells. The expression of full-length IRSp53 or the LIN7ΔPDZ mutant lacking the domain for association with IRSp53 was unable to restore neuritogenesis in LIN7-silenced cells. Conversely, defective neuritogenesis could be rescued by the expression of RNAi-resistant full-length LIN7 or chimeric L27-IRSp53. Finally, LIN7 silencing prevented the recruitment of IRSp53 in Triton X-100-insoluble complexes, otherwise occurring in differentiated cells. Collectively these data indicate that LIN7 is a novel regulator of IRSp53, and that the association of these proteins is required to promote the formation of actin-dependent filopodia and neurites.