Callings and work engagement: moderated mediation model of work meaningfulness, occupational identity, and occupational self-efficacy

J Couns Psychol. 2012 Jul;59(3):479-85. doi: 10.1037/a0028949.


Scholarly interest in callings is growing, but researchers' understanding of how and when callings relate to career outcomes is incomplete. The present study investigated the possibility that the relationship of calling to work engagement is mediated by work meaningfulness, occupational identity, and occupational self-efficacy--and that this mediation depends on the degree of perceived person-job fit. I examined a highly educated sample of German employees (N = 529) in diverse occupations and found support for 2 of the 3 hypothesized mediators-work meaningfulness and occupational identity--after controlling for the relation of core self-evaluations to work engagement. Contrary to expectations, the mediated relations of callings to work engagement were not conditional upon the degree of person--job fit. The findings are considered in terms of the pathways through which callings may relate to work engagement and other career development outcomes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Employment / psychology*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Faculty
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motivation*
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Social Identification*