Objective: To explore the association between medication adherence and qualitatively characterised patient-specific themes relating to medication adherence in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Methods: Data-collection questionnaires and qualitative topic guides were piloted in two patients. A validated questionnaire generated an adherence score for a convenience sample of 20 patients within 7 days of PCI. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were subsequently carried out with all patients to explore patient-specific themes relating to measured medication adherence.
Key findings: Fourteen out of 20 patients (70%) had scores indicative of good adherence. Key factors associated with good adherence included having a good relationship with the doctor, having an understanding of the condition, knowledge of the indications and consequences of non-adherence, perceived health benefits and medications eliciting tangible symptom control. There were misconceptions of concern regarding adverse drug reactions and the importance of aspirin, both of which had a negative effect on adherence. The role of the community pharmacist was sometimes, although not always, misunderstood.
Conclusion: This study suggests there is an association between patients' beliefs, knowledge, understanding and misconceptions about medication and their adherence in a post-PCI cohort. To optimise medication adherence it is vital for prescribers to remain patient-focused and cognisant of patient-specific themes relating to medication adherence.
© 2012 The Authors. IJPP © 2012 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.