Human neutrophil antigens (HNAs) play an important role in a variety of clinical conditions including immune-mediated neutropenia, non-hemolytic transfusion reactions, and transfusion-related acute lung injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency distribution of HNAs-1 to -5 among the Japanese population. We analyzed samples from 570 healthy Japanese by molecular and serologic techniques to estimate the gene frequencies of HNAs-1 to -5. DNA samples were obtained and typed for the HNA-1 (n = 523), -3 (n = 570), -4 (n = 570), and -5 (n = 508), by molecular techniques. The HNA-1 genotype was determined by using a commercial polymerase chain reaction-reverse sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes (PCR-rSSOP) kit. The HNA-3 to -5 genotypes were determined by the PCR-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP), previously described, with a small modification. The HNA-2a phenotype was determined in 301 donors by granulocyte immunofluorescence test. In Japanese, the gene frequencies of HNA-1a, -1b, and -1c were 0.623, 0.377, and 0.000, respectively. The frequency of HNA-2a phenotype was 0.987, and the gene frequencies of HNA-3a and -3b were 0.654 and 0.346, respectively. HNA-4a and -4b were found at 1.000 and 0.000, respectively, and HNA-5a and -5b at 0.840 and 0.160, respectively. We describe, for the first time, the frequencies of all HNAs (HNA-1 to -5) among the Japanese population. This study will be helpful for the prediction of the risk of alloimmunization to HNA, especially to determine the risk of HNA alloantibody production by transfusion of HNA incompatible blood and feto-maternal incompatibility.
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.