Safety, security, hygiene and privacy in migrant farmworker housing

New Solut. 2012;22(2):153-73. doi: 10.2190/NS.22.2.d.


Safety, security, hygiene, and privacy in migrant farmworker housing have not previously been documented, yet these attributes are important for farmworker quality of life and dignity. This analysis describes the safety, security, hygiene, and privacy of migrant farmworker housing and delineates camp characteristics that are associated with these attributes, using data collected in 183 eastern North Carolina migrant farmworker camps in 2010. Migrant farmworker housing is deficient. For example, 73.8 percent of housing had structural damage and 52.7 percent had indoor temperatures that were not safe. Farmworkers in 83.5 percent of the housing reported that they did not feel they or their possessions were secure. Bathing or toileting privacy was absent in 46.2 percent of the housing. Camps with residents having H-2A visas or North Carolina Department of Labor certificates of inspection posted had better safety, security, and hygiene. Regulations addressing the quality of migrant farmworker housing are needed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture / statistics & numerical data*
  • Housing / standards
  • Housing / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Hygiene*
  • North Carolina
  • Occupational Health
  • Personal Space*
  • Safety / statistics & numerical data*
  • Transients and Migrants / statistics & numerical data*