Binder syndrome

J Craniofac Surg. 2012 Jul;23(4):986-90. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31824e2683.


Patients with chondrodysplasia punctata (CDP) usually present with Binder-type features, and often CDP is misdiagnosed as Binder syndrome. This study reviewed the management and outcome of patients with Binder syndrome and CDP in a multidisciplinary setting.

Methods: The notes and radiographs of the patients managed at the Australian Craniofacial Unit with a multidisciplinary setting since 1976 were reviewed, and data were collected on patient demographics, associated medical and surgical problems, subsequent management, and complications.

Results: Seventy-seven patients were treated over the 30-year period (5 patients were lost to follow-up); of the remaining 72 patients, 60 (83%) had Binder syndrome, and 12 (17%) were patients with CDP. Forty were males, and 32 were females, with an age range of 6 months to 47 years. Thirteen patients (18%) had a strong family history, and 65 patients (90%) have so far undergone surgical correction, and of those, 35 (54%) have completed their treatment, the longest follow-up time being 18 years. The mean number of surgical procedures was 2.4, and 18 patients (28%) had postoperative complications, which included partial necrosis of the maxilla, osteomyelitis of the mandible, facial nerve and inferior alveolar nerve neuropraxia, nasal bone graft exposure, and cellulitis.

Discussion: Because of the phenotypic characteristics shared by both Binder syndrome and CDP, it is most likely that Binder syndrome is not a syndrome, nor is it an entity, but most likely to be an "association." We would advocate that these patients should be managed in a multidisciplinary setting.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chondrodysplasia Punctata / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Maxilla / abnormalities
  • Maxilla / surgery
  • Maxillofacial Abnormalities / diagnosis
  • Maxillofacial Abnormalities / epidemiology
  • Maxillofacial Abnormalities / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nose / abnormalities
  • Nose / surgery
  • Phenotype
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Treatment Outcome

Supplementary concepts

  • Maxillonasal dysplasia, Binder type