A home-based training program improves Taiwanese family caregivers' quality of life and decreases their risk for depression: a randomized controlled trial

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2013 May;28(5):504-13. doi: 10.1002/gps.3853. Epub 2012 Jul 9.


Objectives: Little is known about the longitudinal effects of training programs on family caregivers' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depressive symptoms over time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a home-based caregiver training program on HRQoL and depressive symptoms for family caregivers of older persons with dementia.

Methods: Outcomes (caregivers' HRQoL and depressive symptoms) were assessed before the training program (baseline), and at 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months afterwards. HRQoL was measured using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Survey, Taiwan version. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Chinese version Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.

Results: Family caregivers who received the individualized home-based training program had better health outcomes in bodily pain (b = 12.37, p < 0.013), role disability due to emotional problems (b = 17.74, p < 0.013), vitality (b = 12.40, p < 0.001), better mental summary score (b = 5.14, p < 0.003), and decreased risk for depression (odds ratio = 0.15, confidence interval = 0.04-0.65, p < 0.013) than those in the control group during the 6 months following the training program.

Conclusion: Our home-based caregiver training program improved caregivers' HRQoL, especially role limitations due to emotional problems, and decreased their risk for depression.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Caregivers* / education
  • Caregivers* / psychology
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Dementia / nursing*
  • Depressive Disorder / prevention & control*
  • Education, Nonprofessional / organization & administration*
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Program Evaluation
  • Quality of Life*
  • Risk Factors
  • Taiwan