Inositol hexakisphosphate suppresses excitatory neurotransmission via synaptotagmin-1 C2B domain in the hippocampal neuron

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 24;109(30):12183-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1115070109. Epub 2012 Jul 9.


Inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP(6)) levels rise and fall with neuronal excitation and silence, respectively, in the hippocampus, suggesting potential signaling functions of this inositol polyphosphate in hippocampal neurons. We now demonstrate that intracellular application of InsP(6) caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of autaptic excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in cultured hippocampal neurons. The treatment did not alter the size and replenishment rate of the readily releasable pool in autaptic neurons. Intracellular exposure to InsP(6) did not affect spontaneous EPSCs or excitatory amino acid-activated currents in neurons lacking autapses. The InsP(6)-induced inhibition of autaptic EPSCs was effectively abolished by coapplication of an antibody to synaptotagmin-1 C2B domain. Importantly, preabsorption of the antibody with a GST-WT synaptotagmin-1 C2B domain fragment but not with a GST-mutant synaptotagmin-1 C2B domain fragment that poorly reacted with the antibody impaired the activity of the antibody on the InsP(6)-induced inhibition of autaptic EPSCs. Furthermore, K(+) depolarization significantly elevated endogenous levels of InsP(6) and occluded the inhibition of autaptic EPSCs by exogenous InsP(6). These data reveal that InsP(6) suppresses excitatory neurotransmission via inhibition of the presynaptic synaptotagmin-1 C2B domain-mediated fusion via an interaction with the synaptotagmin Ca(2+)-binding sites rather than via interference with presynaptic Ca(2+) levels, synaptic vesicle trafficking, or inactivation of postsynaptic ionotropic glutamate receptors. Therefore, elevated InsP(6) in activated neurons serves as a unique negative feedback signal to control hippocampal excitatory neurotransmission.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials / drug effects*
  • Feedback, Physiological / physiology
  • Female
  • Hippocampus / cytology*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Phytic Acid / metabolism*
  • Phytic Acid / pharmacology
  • Pregnancy
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / physiology
  • Pyramidal Cells / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Scintillation Counting
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology*
  • Synaptotagmin I / metabolism*
  • Tritium


  • Synaptotagmin I
  • Tritium
  • Phytic Acid