Purpose. This cross-sectional, observational study used Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) to examine the position, patency, and the interior entrance site of anterior chamber (AC) aqueous tube shunts. Methods. The OCT, slitlamp biomicroscopy, and gonioscopy findings of 23 eyes of 18 patients with AC shunts were collected and compared. Results. OCT images demonstrated the shunt position and patency in all 23 eyes, and the details of the AC entrance in 16 eyes. The position of the tube varied, with the majority (14/23) on the surface of the iris. The exact position of the AC entrance relative to Schwalbe's line (SL) could be determined in 9 eyes (posterior to SL in 7 eyes, anterior in 2 eyes). At the AC entrance, growth of fibrous scar tissue was present between the tube and the corneal endothelium in all 16 eyes in which the entrance could be clearly visualized. It's a new finding that could not be visualized by slitlamp examination or lower resolution OCT. Conclusion. Compared to slitlamp examination, Fourier-domain OCT of AC tube shunts provided more detailed anatomic information regarding the insertion level relative to SL, scar tissue between the tube and the corneal endothelium, and patency of the tube opening.