Subfertility Treatment in Women With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

J Obstet Gynaecol. 2012 Aug;32(6):569-71. doi: 10.3109/01443615.2012.693986.

Abstract

This study comprised of 65 infertile patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim was to study causes and different modalities used for the management of subfertile patients with SLE. All patients were diagnosed to have SLE according to the standard criteria of diagnosis. All patients were scheduled to expectant treatment, ovulation induction and timed intercourse, intrauterine insemination (IUI), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Anovulation was in 20 patients (20%), due to PCOS in 10 cases and due to other causes in three patients. A total of 28 patients (43.1%) needed laparoscopy for their work-up of infertility. Male factor for infertility was present in nine couples (16.7%). Ovulation induction and timed intercourse was adopted for a maximum 6 cycles and IUI for 3 cycles. In vitro fertilisation (IVF)/ICSI was needed in five cases using standard long agonist protocol. Four cases were complicated by significant ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome after conventional ovarian stimulation and cycles were cancelled. Pregnancy occurred in 20 women. Ovarian stimulation for ovulation induction and IVF seems to be safe and successful in well selected women with non-complicated SLE.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Infertility, Female / therapy*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult