A randomized trial of a brief intervention to promote smoking cessation for parents during child hospitalization

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2013 Jun;48(6):608-13. doi: 10.1002/ppul.22614. Epub 2012 Jul 10.


Background: Parental smoking significantly increases the risk of child hospitalization for multiple illnesses. Parenting smokers may not have easy access to smoking cessation services elsewhere and a few interventions with this population in the inpatient setting have shown promising results.

Methods: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of a brief intervention with smoking parents on smoking cessation rates after child hospitalization with a randomized, controlled trial.

Results: Sixty smoking parents participated in the study. The majority of study participants were uninsured women under age 30 who smoked approximately half of a pack per day. There were no statistically significant differences between control and intervention groups for our outcomes. However, 45% (CI: 33-57%) of all participants reported at least one quit attempt during the 2-month study period and 18% (CI: 10-30%) of participants were quit at study conclusion.

Conclusions: Willingness to quit smoking was much higher than expected in this population of parenting smokers.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Parents*
  • Smoking / therapy*
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome