Disclosure of HIV positive result to a sexual partner among adult clinical service users in Kemissie district, northeast Ethiopia

Afr J Reprod Health. 2012 Mar;16(1):97-104.


HIV Status disclosure is vital for HIV prevention efforts and the couple's health in the context of accelerated highly active antiretroviral therapy. This study aimed to identify factors associated with disclosure of HIV Status to a sexual partner and its outcomes. A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted at Kemissie Health center on 360 HIV positive individuals selected by systematic random sampling. Data were collected using a structured, interviewer administered questionnaire. The level of disclosure to a sexual partner was 93.1%. Among those who disclosed, 74.5% were accepted, 10.8% minor challenges or suspicion of result and the last 7.8% faced physical abuse and blame. The main reasons for not disclosing were fear of divorce [32%], fear of stigma and discrimination [32%] and fear of physical abuse [16%]. Prior discussion, disclosure to family, smooth relationship and knowing partner status were significantly associated with disclosure. HIV prevention programs and counseling efforts should focus on mutual disclosure of HIV test results, by encouraging discussion, reduction of stigma, for better disclosure and continuing care.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Disclosure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Ethiopia
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sexual Partners*
  • Young Adult