Tinkering and tailoring individual consultations: how practice nurses try to make cardiovascular risk communication meaningful

J Clin Nurs. 2012 Sep;21(17-18):2590-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04167.x. Epub 2012 Jul 13.


Aims and objectives: To explore the perspectives of practice nurses in their role of communicating cardiovascular risk to patients.

Background: Nurses in primary care have for some time been engaged in cardiovascular risk discussions with patients. With the recent introduction of the NHS Health Checks, the focus on this work is set to increase.

Design: Qualitative using a framework approach.

Methods: Two focus groups and 16 semi-structured interviews were conducted with nurses purposively sampled from those working in primary care.

Results: The nurses' accounts revealed the need to develop a relationship of trust and establish a level of relevance with each individual patient whilst discussing cardiovascular risk. Potential aspects of these discussions were as follows: working within a highly structured data-collecting task; time constraints and consideration of the individual's context. We used the idea of tailoring to describe how nurses navigate and constantly modify and pitch their approach for each patient they see in response to these constraints.

Conclusion: We suggest that in order for risk to be made meaningful to patients, practice nurses recognise the need for such information to be embedded in the more reciprocal dynamics of nurse-patient consultations. From their perspective, success is often as much about not saying something, or saying it in a particular way, as saying anything accurately or consistently.

Relevance to clinical practice: For practice nurses to be instrumental in the successful delivery of health prevention policy initiatives such as the NHS Health Checks, it is important to acknowledge their views and perspectives in undertaking this work. This study suggests that the nurses recognised the need for further skills and a refinement of approach for those health professionals involved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Assessment
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology