Does living by the coast improve health and wellbeing?

Health Place. 2012 Sep;18(5):1198-201. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.06.015. Epub 2012 Jul 1.


It is often assumed that spending time by the coast leads to better health and wellbeing, but there is strikingly little evidence regarding specific effects or mechanisms to support such a view. We analysed small-area census data for the population of England, which indicate that good health is more prevalent the closer one lives to the coast. We also found that, consistent with similar analyses of greenspace accessibility, the positive effects of coastal proximity may be greater amongst more socio-economically deprived communities. We hypothesise that these effects may be due to opportunities for stress reduction and increased physical activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Censuses
  • England
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Small-Area Analysis