Objective: Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) has recently been introduced as a novel technique for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in early-stage cervical cancer. Although preclinical research has shown that ICG adsorbed to human serum albumin (ICG:HSA) improves its performance, the need for HSA has not yet been confirmed in cervical cancer patients. The current randomized study aims to determine whether ICG:HSA offers advantages over using ICG alone.
Methods: Eighteen consecutive early-stage cervical cancer patients scheduled to undergo pelvic lymphadenectomy were included. Prior to surgery, 1.6 mL of 500 μM ICG:HSA or 500 μM ICG alone was injected transvaginally in 4 quadrants around the tumor. The Mini-FLARE imaging system was used for intraoperative NIR fluorescence detection and quantitation.
Results: SLNs were identified intraoperatively in 78% of the patients. Patient and tumor characteristics were equally distributed over both treatment groups. No significant difference in signal-to-background ratio (9.3 vs. 10.1, P=.72) or average number of detected SLNs (2.9 vs 2.7, P=.84) was found between the ICG:HSA group and the ICG alone group, respectively.
Conclusions: In conclusion, this double-blind, randomized trial showed no advantage of ICG:HSA over ICG alone for the SLN procedure in early-stage cervical cancer. Further optimization is required to improve the intraoperative detection rate.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.