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, 21 (3), 247-66

A New Method for Stoichiometric Analysis of Proteins in Complex Mixture--Reevaluation of the Stoichiometry of E. Coli Ribosomal Proteins

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A New Method for Stoichiometric Analysis of Proteins in Complex Mixture--Reevaluation of the Stoichiometry of E. Coli Ribosomal Proteins

M Tal et al. J Biochem Biophys Methods.

Abstract

A novel way is presented for determination of the stoichiometry of ribosomal proteins in the ribosome. The 70S E. coli r-proteins, completely separated on a two-dimensional gel system, were used throughout our experiments. The method is based on our previous observation that the amount of Coomassie R bound to a protein molecule is directly proportional to the number of positive charges on that protein. By plotting the amount of bound Coomassie as a function of the number of positive charges of each r-protein, and relating the experimental amount of the dye bound to each r-protein to the value obtained from the linear regression line based on all (a total of some 50 proteins), one can obtain the molar concentration of every protein in the ribosome. A parallel experiment can be carried out, which relates the radioactivity contributed by 3H-labeled amino acid in each r-protein to its amino acid content in that molecule. The two sets of data, which are completely independent of each other, are well correlated. Further verification of the validity of our procedure is provided by the fact that we found the known proportions of four copies of L7/L12 and one copy of S6 per ribosome. The rationale behind the present study was our finding that recalculation of Hardy's data (Hardy, S.J.S. (1975) Mol. Gen. Genet. 140, 253-274), with the accurate molecular weight value of the r-proteins provided by Giri et al. (Adv. Protein Chem. (1984) 36, 1-78), raises some doubt with regard to his experimental results, although we agree with his final conclusion that E. coli ribosome is homogeneous with respect to its proteins.

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