ABM Clinical Protocol #25: Recommendations for preprocedural fasting for the breastfed infant: "NPO" Guidelines

Breastfeed Med. 2012 Jun;7(3):197-202. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2012.9988.


A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient. These guidelines are not intended to be all-inclusive, but to provide a basic framework for physician education regarding breastfeeding.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia / methods*
  • Breast Feeding* / adverse effects
  • Fasting*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Welfare*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Maternal Welfare*
  • Pregnancy
  • Preoperative Care / methods*
  • Societies, Medical
  • United States