A renal mitochondrial cytochrome P 450 preparation from pigs treated with exogenous 1,25-(OH)2D3 was reconstituted with an NADPH-generating system, adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase. The reconstituted system catalyzed the conversion of the substrate, 25-OH-D3, to metabolites comigrating with authentic 23,25-(OH)2D3 and 24,25-(OH)2D3 in both straight- and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography systems, which achieve separation of these metabolites from each other as well as from other vitamin D metabolites. The putative 23,25-(OH)2D3 product was resistant to periodate treatment, while the 24,25-(OH)2D3 product was sensitive, providing additional evidence for the identity of the products. Although induction of 24-hydroxylase activity has been studied using renal homogenates from several species, only recently have techniques become available to study the activity of the enzyme in a solubilized and reconstituted form. Using these techniques, the present study shows that production of 24,25-(OH)2D3 was increased more than 80-fold with 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment compared with untreated controls, an effect much greater than that previously observed with homogenates. In addition, production of both 23,25-(OH)2D3 and 24,25-(OH)2D3 varied with substrate concentration and was consistent with a monooxygenase-linked enzyme reaction.