Health changes in Sri Lanka: benefits of primary health care and public health

Asia Pac J Public Health. 2012 Jul;24(4):663-71. doi: 10.1177/1010539512453670. Epub 2012 Jul 18.


The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean that has achieved a unique status in the world with health indicators that are comparable with those of developed countries. This is illustrated, among others, by the reduction in both child and maternal mortality in the country. This achievement is the result of a range of long-term interventions, including providing education and health care free of charge, training of health care workers, developing public health infrastructure in rural areas, and adopting steps to improve sanitation, nutrition, and immunization coverage.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Mortality / trends
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Maternal Mortality / trends
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Public Health Administration*
  • Sri Lanka / epidemiology