Kidney transplant recipients who switched from a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) to belatacept demonstrated higher calculated glomerular filtration rates (cGFRs) at 1 year in a Phase II study. This report addresses whether improvement was sustained at 2 years in the long-term extension (LTE). Patients receiving cyclosporine or tacrolimus were randomized to switch to belatacept or continue CNI. Of 173 randomized patients, 162 completed the 12-month main study and entered the LTE. Two patients (n = 1 each group) had graft loss between Years 1-2. At Year 2, mean cGFR was 62.0 ml/min (belatacept) vs. 55.4 ml/min (CNI). The mean change in cGFR from baseline was +8.8 ml/min (belatacept) and +0.3 ml/min (CNI). Higher cGFR was observed in patients switched from either cyclosporine (+7.8 ml/min) or tacrolimus (+8.9 ml/min). The frequency of acute rejection in the LTE cohort was comparable between the belatacept and CNI groups by Year 2. All acute rejection episodes occurred during Year 1 in the belatacept patients and during Year 2 in the CNI group. There were more non-serious mucocutaneous fungal infections in the belatacept group. Switching to a belatacept-based regimen from a CNI-based regimen resulted in a continued trend toward improved renal function at 2 years after switching.
© 2012 The Authors. Transplant International © 2012 European Society for Organ Transplantation.