This paper presents an electrochemical immune sensor for label free detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by immobilizing anti-EGFR antibody (Anti-EGFRab) on dithiobissuccinimidyl propionate (DTSP) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on gold (Au) electrode. Electrochemical studies show that increased surface concentration of redox moieties onto Anti-EGFRab/DTSP immuno-electrode leads to high electron transport and improved sensing performance. The antigen-antibody complex demonstrates a high association constant (5×10(12)L/mol) that results in high affinity of Anti-EGFRab to EGFR, confirming that the DTSP-SAM provides a conducive environment for anti-EGFR immobilization. The electrochemical response of EA/Anti-EGFRab/DTSP/Au electrode as a function of EGFR concentrations exhibits a linear range from 1pg/mL to 100ng/mL, a detection limit of 1pg/mL at a sensitivity of 2.02μA M(-1)at a regression coefficient of 0.99.
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