A multicenter application and evaluation of the oxford classification of IgA nephropathy in adult chinese patients

Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Nov;60(5):812-20. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.06.011. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Abstract

Background: The Oxford classification of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) provides a histopathologic grading system that is associated with kidney disease outcomes independent of clinical features. We evaluated the Oxford IgAN classification in a large cohort of patients from China.

Study design: Retrospective study.

Setting & participants: 1,026 adults with IgAN from 18 referral centers in China. Inclusion criteria and statistical analysis were similar to the Oxford study.

Predictors: Histologic findings of mesangial hypercellularity score, endocapillary proliferation, segmental sclerosis or adhesion, crescents, necrosis, and tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis. Clinical features, blood pressure, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), proteinuria, and treatment modalities.

Outcomes: Time to a 50% reduction in eGFR or end-stage renal disease (the combined event); the rate of eGFR decline (slope of eGFR); proteinuria during follow-up.

Results: Compared with the Oxford cohort, the Chinese cohort had a lower proportion of patients with mesangial hypercellularity (43%) and endocapillary proliferation (11%), higher proportion with segmental sclerosis or adhesion (83%) and necrosis (15%), and similar proportion with crescents (48%) and tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis (moderate, 24%; severe, 3.3%). During a median follow-up of 53 (25th-75th percentile, 36-67) months, 159 (15.5%) patients reached the combined event. Our study showed that patients with a mesangial hypercellularity score higher than 0.5 were associated with a 2.0-fold (95% CI, 1.5-2.8; P<0.001) higher risk of the combined event than patients with a score of 0.5 or lower. Patients with tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis of 25%-50% and >50% versus <25% were associated with a 3.7-fold (95% CI, 2.6-5.1; P<0.001) and 15.1-fold (95% CI, 9.5-24.2; P<0.001) higher risk of the combined event, respectively. Endocapillary proliferation, glomerular crescents, and necrosis were not significant.

Limitations: Retrospective study; the therapeutic interventions were miscellaneous.

Conclusions: We confirmed the associations of mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis with kidney disease outcomes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Glomerulonephritis, IGA / classification*
  • Glomerulonephritis, IGA / complications
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult