Work organization and musculoskeletal health: clinical findings from immigrant Latino poultry processing and other manual workers

J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Aug;54(8):995-1001. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318254640d.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the potential role of differential exposure to work organization hazards in musculoskeletal disorders among immigrant Latino workers.

Method: Self-reported work organization data were obtained from immigrant Latino workers in poultry processing and nonpoultry, manual occupations (N = 742). Clinical evaluations for epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, and back pain were obtained from a subsample (n = 518).

Results: Several work organization hazards (eg, low job control, high psychological demands) were elevated among poultry processing workers. Job control predicted epicondylitis (odds ratio [OR] = 0.77) and rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 0.79); psychological demand predicted rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 1.30) and back pain (OR = 1.24); awkward posture and repeated movements predicted all three outcomes; and management safety commitment predicted rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 1.65) and back pain (OR = 1.81).

Discussion: Immigrant poultry processing workers are exposed to greater work organization hazards that may contribute to occupational health disparities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Back Pain / epidemiology
  • Back Pain / etiology
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Food-Processing Industry / organization & administration*
  • Food-Processing Industry / statistics & numerical data
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / etiology
  • Occupational Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • Posture / physiology
  • Poultry Products*
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / etiology
  • Tennis Elbow / epidemiology
  • Tennis Elbow / etiology
  • Young Adult