Powder and compaction characteristics of pregelatinized starches

Pharmazie. 2012 Jun;67(6):513-7.


Pregelatinized starch is widely used as a pharmaceutical aid, especially as a filler-binder. It is known that the tableting performance of excipients could be affected by their source. The aim of this study was to evaluate the powder and tableting properties of pregelatinized starches obtained from yucca, corn and rice and compare those properties with those of Starch 1500. This material had the lowest particle size, and porosity and largest density and best flow. However, yucca starch and corn starch showed an irregular granule morphology, better compactibility and compressibility than Starch 1500. Their onset of plastic deformation and their strain rate sensitivity was comparable to that of Starch 1500. These two materials showed compact disintegration slower that Starch 1500. Conversely, rice starch showed a high elasticity, and friability, low compactibility, which are undesirable for direct compression. This study demonstrated the potential use of pregelatinized starches, especially those obtained from yucca and corn as direct compression filler-binders.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Drug Compounding
  • Excipients
  • Gelatin
  • Oryza / chemistry
  • Particle Size
  • Powders*
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Starch / chemistry*
  • Tensile Strength
  • Yucca / chemistry
  • Zea mays / chemistry


  • Excipients
  • Powders
  • Gelatin
  • Starch