Range of motion in femoroacetabular impingement

Acta Orthop Belg. 2012 Jun;78(3):327-32.

Abstract

Recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated that radiographic features specific to femoroacetabular impingement appear far more frequently in healthy and asymptomatic cohorts than previously anticipated. It remains unclear how incidental findings should be interpreted clinically. In addition, several authors have suggested that a decreased range of motion is part of the clinical presentation of femoroacetabular impingement. The purpose of the present study was to describe and analyze differences in range of motion between femoroacetabular impingement patients, asymptomatic individuals with incidental radiographic findings and healthy controls, using a validated electromagnetic tracking system. Furthermore, it was evaluated which motions were clinically relevant and could be used to differentiate between these three groups. We found all evaluated motions to differ significantly between patients and controls. The anterior impingement test showed a significant difference between patients and asymptomatic cases. In conclusion, functional evaluation of the range of motion appeared in this study as a useful tool in the diagnostic work-up of femoracetabular impingement.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asymptomatic Diseases
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / diagnosis*
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / diagnostic imaging
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / physiopathology
  • Hip Joint / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Range of Motion, Articular*
  • Young Adult