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, 109 (31), 12302-8

Green Revolution: Impacts, Limits, and the Path Ahead


Green Revolution: Impacts, Limits, and the Path Ahead

Prabhu L Pingali. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.


A detailed retrospective of the Green Revolution, its achievement and limits in terms of agricultural productivity improvement, and its broader impact at social, environmental, and economic levels is provided. Lessons learned and the strategic insights are reviewed as the world is preparing a "redux" version of the Green Revolution with more integrative environmental and social impact combined with agricultural and economic development. Core policy directions for Green Revolution 2.0 that enhance the spread and sustainable adoption of productivity enhancing technologies are specified.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest statement: All the reviewers suggested are grantees of the Gates Foundation. It is hard to find reviewers who are not grantees. None of the reviewers have any connections with the work in the paper.

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