ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC

Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Aug;14(8):803-69. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfs105.
No abstract available

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cardiotonic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Europe
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Natriuretic Peptides
  • Renin-Angiotensin System
  • Societies, Medical
  • Stroke Volume
  • Ventricular Function, Left


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Natriuretic Peptides