Demographic pattern of male breast cancer: an institutional based study

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2011 Jan-Mar;23(1):3-4.


Background: Male breast cancer incidence rises with age with peak in the 6th & 7th decade. It is one of the rare diseases and accounts for less than 1% of all malignancies worldwide. It is usually diagnosed in the late stage with poor prognosis.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to know the demographic pattern and tumour characteristic of breast cancer in men reported at Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (IRNUM), Peshawar.

Methods: Retrospective data was collected from the (IRNUM), Peshawar for a period of three years (2006-2008). The evaluation was done from the histopathological reports of mastectomy and biopsy specimens. All male patients in the age group 26-86 year with breast cancer were included in the study. The age of the patients and tumour characteristics recorded were size, grade, type, skin involvement and stage.

Results: Total number of male patients with breast cancer were 31 (2.1%) out of the total patients with breast malignancy during the study period with the mean age of 58.3 years. Tumour size ranged from 2 to 12 Cm. with average of 3.6 Cm. Invasive ductal carcinoma was found in 87%, papillary carcinoma in 6.5%, each of malignant fibrous histocytoma and sarcoma in 3.2% cases. Maximum number of patients was of grade II (41%).Patients in whom stage of the disease was known were 22 cases with 45.5% had stage III disease and 32% had stage IV disease. Skin involvement was found positive in 8 (25.8%).

Conclusion: Due to poor health care system breast cancer is diagnosed in a late stage of the disease and prognosis is poor.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male / epidemiology*
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Pakistan / epidemiology