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. 2013 May;97(9):3965-78.
doi: 10.1007/s00253-012-4276-9. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

Functional and Structural Studies of a Novel Cold-Adapted Esterase From an Arctic Intertidal Metagenomic Library

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Functional and Structural Studies of a Novel Cold-Adapted Esterase From an Arctic Intertidal Metagenomic Library

Juan Fu et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. .

Abstract

A novel cold-adapted lipolytic enzyme gene, est97, was identified from a high Arctic intertidal zone sediment metagenomic library. The deduced amino acid sequence of Est97 showed low similarity with other lipolytic enzymes, the maximum being 30 % identity with a putative lipase from Vibrio caribbenthicus. Common features of lipolytic enzymes, such as the GXSXG sequence motif, were detected. The gene product was over-expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The recombinant Est97 (rEst97) hydrolysed various ρ-nitrophenyl esters with the best substrate being ρ-nitrophenyl hexanoate (K m and k cat of 39 μM and 25.8 s(-1), respectively). This esterase activity of rEst97 was optimal at 35 °C and pH 7.5 and the enzyme was unstable at temperatures above 25 °C. The apparent melting temperature, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry was 39 °C, substantiating Est97 as a cold-adapted esterase. The crystal structure of rEst97 was determined by the single wavelength anomalous dispersion method to 1.6 Å resolution. The protein was found to have a typical α/β-hydrolase fold with Ser144-His226-Asp197 as the catalytic triad. A suggested, relatively short lid domain of rEst97 is composed of residues 80-114, which form an α-helix and a disordered loop. The cold adaptation features seem primarily related to a high number of methionine and glycine residues and flexible loops in the high-resolution structures.

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