Evaluation of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension for pulmonary endarterectomy

Pulm Circ. Apr-Jun 2012;2(2):155-62. doi: 10.4103/2045-8932.97594.

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension as a result of chronic thromboembolic disease (CTEPH) is potentially curable with pulmonary endarterectomy surgery. Consequently, correctly diagnosing patients with this type of pulmonary hypertension and evaluating these patients with the goal of establishing their candidacy for surgical intervention is of utmost importance. And as advancements in surgical techniques have allowed successful resection of segmental-level chronic thromboembolic disease, the number of CTEPH patients that are deemed suitable surgical candidates has expanded, making it even more important that the evaluation be conducted with greater precision. This article will review a diagnostic approach to patients with suspected chronic thromboembolic disease with an emphasis on the criteria considered in selecting patients for pulmonary endarterectomy surgery.

Keywords: chronic thromboembolic disease; chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary endarterectomy; pulmonary hypertension.