Human MECP2 gene at Q28 arm of X chromosome as a suitable target for monitoring PCR inhibition in a nested, multiplexed HIV-1 DNA detection protocol

Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol. Jan-Mar 2012;71(1):29-38.


Human MECP2 gene located at q28 arm of X chromosome was identified as target for thermal co-amplification with HIV-1 proviral DNA of infected individuals. The selected MECP2 gene-specific primers functioned at a wide range of annealing temperature, extension time and exhibited no significant interaction with pathogen specific primers. A 466 bp PCR amplicon originating from human MECP2 gene was found to be diagnostic for inhibition-free PCR reaction when co-amplified with the HIV-1 target gene in a multiplexed, nested PCR reaction. The 5' end of the MECP2 primers were engineered to position an EcoRI restriction endonuclease site to facilitate rapid cloning in various DNA vector molecules at the corresponding EcoRI sites. Cell mass of Escherichia coli (XL1Blue) harboring the recombinant plasmid when added to pleural fluid of HIV-1 infected individuals co-infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, generated the diagnostic 466 bp MECP2 PCR amplicon as well as the 194 bp PCR amplicon of target gene from M. tuberculosis. The experiment underlined potential of the region spanning nucleotide position 4118099 to 4118552 of human MECP2 gene (NCBI accession number NT_011726.13) as a reliable target for multiplex PCR to accommodate a wide range of thermal cycling and multiplex reaction conditions. In both cases of this study, electrophoresis-based separation of the 466 bp MECP2 fragment and the 232 bp and 194 bp HIV-1 and M. tuberculosis fragments respectively was distinct and unambiguous. The potential of this human MECP2 gene available from human genome or recombinant plasmid as a potent target to monitor PCR inhibition for a range of different PCR reactions is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, X*
  • DNA, Viral / analysis*
  • HIV-1 / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 / genetics*
  • Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*


  • DNA, Viral
  • MECP2 protein, human
  • Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2