Easy way to learn standardization : direct and indirect methods

Malays J Med Sci. 2000 Jan;7(1):10-5.


In direct age-adjustment, a common age-structured population is used as standard. This population may actually exist (e.g., United States population, 1999) or may be fictitious (e.g., two populations may be combined to create a standard). In indirect age-adjustment, a common set of age-specific rates is applied to the populations whose rates are to be standardized. The simplest and most useful form of indirect adjustment is the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) (5).

Keywords: direct; easy way; indirect; standardization methods.