Severe Plasmodium vivax malaria among sudanese children at New Halfa Hospital, Eastern Sudan

Parasit Vectors. 2012 Jul 30;5:154. doi: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-154.

Abstract

Background: There are few published reports on severe Plasmodium vivax malaria in Africa.

Methods: Clinical pattern/manifestations of severe P. vivax were described in children admitted at New Halfa Hospital in Sudan between September 2009-December 2011.

Results: Eighteen children were admitted at the hospital during the study period with different manifestations of severe P. vivax malaria namely: severe anaemia (6, 33.3%), jaundice (5, 27.8%), thrombocytopenia (4, 22.2%), hypotension (3, 16.7%), cerebral malaria (2, 11.1%), epistaxis (2, 11.1%), renal impairment (1, 5.5%), hypogylcaemia and more than one manifestation (5, 27.8%).

Conclusion: Severe P. vivax malaria is an existing entity in eastern Sudan. Further studies are required to understand emergence of severe P. vivax malaria.

MeSH terms

  • Antimalarials / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hospitals / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Malaria, Vivax / blood
  • Malaria, Vivax / drug therapy
  • Malaria, Vivax / epidemiology*
  • Malaria, Vivax / pathology
  • Male
  • Parasitemia / pathology
  • Plasmodium vivax / isolation & purification*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sudan / epidemiology

Substances

  • Antimalarials