Background: Despite widespread dissatisfaction and low treatment persistence in moderate to severe psoriasis, patients' reasons behind treatment discontinuation remain poorly understood.
Objectives: We sought to characterize patient-reported reasons for discontinuing commonly used treatments for moderate to severe psoriasis in real-world clinical practice.
Methods: A total of 1095 patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis from 10 dermatology practices who received systemic treatments completed a structured interview. Eleven reasons for treatment discontinuation were assessed for all past treatments.
Results: A total of 2231 past treatments were reported. Median treatment duration varied by treatment, ranging from 6.0 to 20.5 months (P < .001). The frequency of each cited discontinuation reasons differed by treatment (all P < .01). Patients who received etanercept (odds ratio [OR] 5.19; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.23-8.33) and adalimumab (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.20-3.67) were more likely to cite a loss of efficacy than those who received methotrexate. Patients who received etanercept (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.23-0.49), adalimumab (OR 0.48; 95% CI 0.30-0.75), and ultraviolet B phototherapy (OR 0.21; 95% CI 0.14-0.31) were less likely to cite side effects than those who received methotrexate, whereas those who received acitretin (OR 1.56; 95% CI 1.08-2.25) were more likely to do so. Patients who underwent ultraviolet B phototherapy were more likely to cite an inability to afford treatment (OR 7.03; 95% CI 3.14-15.72).
Limitations: The study is limited by its reliance on patient recall.
Conclusions: Different patterns of treatment discontinuation reasons are important to consider when developing public policy and evidence-based treatment approaches to improve successful long-term psoriasis control.
Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.