Gallbladder leiomyoma in absence of immune system disorders: an unusual diagnosis

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2012 Jul;104(7):382-4. doi: 10.4321/s1130-01082012000700009.


Mesenchymal neoplasms of the gallbladder are rare and in particular leiomyomas of the gallbladder have been rarely reported, all of them in patients with immune system disorders.This is the first report in Spanish of a 23-year-old female patient with a gallbladder leiomyoma without associated immunodeficiency. The patient lacks a previous history of uterine leiomyoma or any other form of neoplasm. She refers several episodes of epygastralgia. A hydatic cyst led to an initial diagnosis and the gallbladder was removed by means of simple cholecystectomy. The abnormal macroscopic aspect of the sample prompted intraoperative biopsy which revealed a benign gallbladder angiomyoma. Subsequent immunohistochemical analysis of the resected sample yielded the diagnosis of intramural endocavitary leiomyoma negative for EBV and C-kit / CD-117. The patient has good general condition and remains asymptomatic 15 months after surgery.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gallbladder Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Gallbladder Neoplasms / immunology
  • Humans
  • Leiomyoma / diagnosis*
  • Leiomyoma / immunology
  • Young Adult